petioles) 15-60 cm long and its leaflets are relatively large (8-30 cm long). These five clades correspond perfectly to geographic distributions: two morphologically distinct clades are centered in the southwest Pacific, and three other clades are centered in the Neotropics, Southeast Asia, and Africa-Madagascar (Plunkett et al., 2005; Frodin et al., 2009). Schefflera actinophylla Figure 1. Preliminary review of the invasive plants in the Pacific Islands (SPREP member countries). Fact Sheet ST-585. Alexandria, USA: ASHS Press, 466-472. The common name is derived from the way the large leaflets radiate out from a central stem. In Florida, S. actinophylla was introduced in 1927 and by the late 1970s it was reported as “escaped from cultivation” and listed as a Category I invasive plant by the Florida Exotic Pest Plant Council in 1996 (Florida Exotic Pest Plant Council, 2011). Meyer J Y, 2000. ENH743 Schefflera actinophylla: Schefflera1 Edward F. Gilman, Dennis G. Watson, Ryan W. Klein, Andrew K. Koeser, Deborah R. Hilbert, and Drew C. McLean2 1. Propagation is by seed or cuttings. Carnevali G, Tapia-Muñoz JL, Duno Stefano R de, Hernández-Aguilar S, Daniel TF, Coe F, Ortíz JJ, Diego N, Itzá LC, Pat FM, 2005. In: Research Bulletin - Dodo Creek Research Station, Honiara, Solomon Islands: ii + 203 pp. Report to the Republic of Palau: 2008 update on Invasive Plant Species., Hilo, Hawaii, USA: USDA Forest Service. It goes from green to yellow to orange to red and finally purple when ripe. Swarbrick JT; Hart R, 2001. Florence J; Chevillotte H; Ollier C; Meyer JY, 2011. Verloove F, Reyes-Betancort J, 2011. This naturalized ornamental garden plant and houseplant is native to Australia and New Guinea. Indoor plants the leaves will be smaller at 4 … Flora of the Bahama Archipelago. Florida EPPC's 2011 Invasive Plant Species List. Baton Rouge, USA: National Plant Data Center. USDA-ARS, 2012. 2011, http://botany.si.edu/Antilles/WestIndies/catalog.htm, http://lkcnhm.nus.edu.sg/nus/pdf/PUBLICATION/LKCNH%20Museum%20Books/LKCNHM%20Books/flora_of_singapore_tc.pdf, http://hort.ufl.edu/database/documents/pdf/tree_fact_sheets/schacta.pdf, http://www.daff.qld.gov.au/documents/Biosecurity_EnvironmentalPests/IPA-Umbrella-Plant-PP96.pdf, http://keyserver.lucidcentral.org/weeds/data/03030800-0b07-490a-8d04-0605030c0f01/media/Html/Index.htm, http://www.cabi.org/isc/FullTextPDF/2013/20133109119.pdf, http://www.sprep.org/att/irc/ecopies/countries/palau/48.pdf, http://www.mobot.org/MOBOT/research/APweb/, https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxon/taxonomysearch.aspx, https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxon/taxonomysimple.aspx, http://www.europe-aliens.org/speciesFactsheet.do?speciesld=50539#, Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License, Schefflera actinophylla (octopus tree, umbrella plant); habit with Laysan albatross at Midway Mall Sand Island, Midway Atoll. In addition, the epiphytic growth form can strangle and eventually kill host trees (Menninger, 1971). Please consider upgrading your browser to the latest version or installing a new browser. Fact sheet: Umbrella tree (Schefflera actinophylla). Paris, France: Muséum National d'Histoire Naturelle. On these islands, it has been recorded germinating below the crown of leaves of the native palm Phoenix canariensis (Verloove and Reyes-Betancort, 2011). In Hawaii, S. actinophylla flowers from April through October (Little and Skolmen, 1989), and flowering is in the summer or autumn in Florida (Langeland et al., 2008). S. actinophylla grows in full sun or partial shaded areas on a wide variety of well-drained soils. Schefflera actinophylla (octopus tree, umbrella plant); tenacious habit, amongst rocks, at Mokolii, Oahu. Native to Australia and parts of New Guinea, Schefflera actinophylla, commonly called octopus tree, grows epiphytically near forested edges in its homeland. March 30, 2001, ©Forest & Kim Starr Images-2001. (Base de données botaniques Nadeaud de l'Herbier de la Polynésie Française (PAP).) (Plantas Invasoras en Cuba). By 1997, the species occurred in 44% of preserves in southern Florida (Bradley and Gann, 1999). Seedlings and young plants should be pulled up. . http://www.jncc.gov.uk/page-3660. Database inventory of introduced plant species in the rural and urban zones of Galapagos., Galapagos, Ecuador: Charles Darwin Foundation. http://keyserver.lucidcentral.org/weeds/data/03030800-0b07-490a-8d04-0605030c0f01/media/Html/Index.htm, Randall RP, 2012. Birds to Gardens ( Queensland Department of Primary Industries and Fisheries, 2007 York Botanical Garden, http //sweetgum.nybg.org/saba/. For Biosecurity Queensland., Australia: the University of Singapore: Raffles Museum of Biodiversity Research, National University Singapore! Popular as ornamental houseplants, such as S. arboricola and S. actinophylla is high be a smaller version the! 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